The major differences between iOS and Android – guide for developers

One of the most common questions app developers ask themselves is what platform should they choose for their mobile application, whether iOS, Android, or perhaps both. Because you need to make a choice that meets your future demands in regards to app utility and popularity, being aware of the differences between these two operating systems is a must. The first version of iOS was released by Apple in 2007, and Android’s official first version was introduced by Google the same year. Both platforms have benefited from numerous updates along the year, and today’s available versions are more advanced than ever, and it seems like things won’t stop reaching new heights in the near future, new additions being developed as we speak. If you are relatively new to the entire scene of app development, comprehending the primary differences between iOS and Android is essential, and the following details will help you on the matter, so keep reading:

Programming languages

Let’s start with one of the details that might be most relevant for you and that is the programming languages used in the entire process of app development, this being what will enable you to reach the end product results you desire. The most common language used for Android is Java, despite the fact that Java for this particular operating system is a bit different than you might know it. C++ is also one of the alternatives often adopted by programmers, and most recently, Kotlin was introduced as one of Android’s official programming languages. So you have quite a few options to choose from, depending on your expertise and preferences. As for iOS, Objective – C was the option used in the past, but since 2014, Swift has been presented as the official programming language, being appealing due to how easy it is to learn and use.

Current popularity and target audience

Because users will be the ones to download and use your application, you depend on them for future product success, and this is why you should also have a general idea on which operating system is preferred on a global scale. According to statistics, it seems like the mobile market share is mostly dominated by Android, which takes up somewhere between 80 and 90 percent, while iOS is dominating the other 10 to 20 percent. Even in the US, Android seems to have a leaping advantage, with a usage percentage that surpasses 50%. However, despite the fact that Android seems to hold such a wider market share, the income level seems to be higher among iOS users, aspect that may be relevant for your future app development profitability.

Design

While for some developers purpose and practicality might be the aspects that matter most, you might be interested in benefiting from a specific design. While there are a lot of things that need to be considered in this department, so if design interests you in particular, you should continue your research further and read in the blog more specific details, there are a few basic details that could help you get familiarized with the two concepts better. Apple’s approach towards general style is minimalist, with plain buttons, icons and so on, while Android’s new design direction named Material design focuses on naturalness and delicacy. App titles are centered with iOS and found at the top left side of an Android screen. The navigation pattern for iOS is a tab bar and for the other operating system, a drawer menu.

Fragmentation

Considering the fact that Google’s operating system can be used on such a wide range of devices, as an Android app developer, you will need to consider this aspect when creating your mobile application, which can be quite a challenging factor. Mobile apps for iOS are precise, and obviously suitable of the in-house iPad and iPhone, which might mean a bit less hassle for you. So in terms of fragmentation concerns, you might find the iOS operating system a better choice.

Having your product accepted in the app store

One of the main concerns of first-time app developers is whether their product will actually be accepted for presentation among users, or declined. So, regardless of what type of concept you are thinking about bringing to the table, you should think about app store acceptance. It has already become common knowledge that having your product validated and published on Apple store implies a lengthier process than getting on an Android Play Store. Apple experts are in charge of analyzing the app themselves, verifying the concept and accepting or declining it, while with Android, the validation process is carried out through automated tests. So if you want to get your app on the market as quickly as possible, Android will be the faster option available, having appealing development policies.

Revenue and costs

Because money is always a factor that needs to be addressed when it comes to application development, you should be aware of the costs both operating systems demands, as well as the revenue generated over time. Upon research, you will quickly discover that App store and Play Store seem to provide the same advantages in terms of revenue generations, but it seems like iOS users are more willing to spend money on app purchases, giving this operating system a slight leaping advantage. Also, considering it’s a bit less complicated to create an app on iOS platform, the costs involved might also end up being more affordable.

Considering the popularity revolving around both operating systems, it’s understandable why, as a mobile application developer, you should be aware of the primary differences, in order to access the option most suitable for your needs and requirements, or go for a combination of the two if the situation demands it. Now that you know a bit more information on the topic, you will be able to pursue the right choice and proceed with your app concept on the operating system that provides you with the most suitable advantages.

David Jackson

David is a personal finance expert, a professional male model, and an entertainment writer.