Ed Rempel Org

What is The Cash Flow Dam?

What Is The Cash Dam and How Does It Work?

 The Cash Dam (sometimes referred to as a “cash flow dam”) is a simple but powerful concept, and it’s an especially attractive option for those who are familiar with the Smith Manoeuvre or other tax minimization strategies. Cash Dam can help you with tax optimization if you have a mortgage and own either a small business or a rental property.

What is cash damming?

 The Cash Dam allows the owner of a small business or rental property to more quickly pay down their non-deductible mortgage on their home. It’s a variation on the Smith Manoeuvre, but without additional investing. The Cash Dam is essentially an expedient way to change bad debt into good debt.

For someone who’s using the Cash Dam, what it involves is using a line of credit to pay for business expenses. Then, while using the increased business cash flow, you pay down a non-deductible mortgage or loan. This, in turn, produces an increasing tax-deductible business loan, while paying down a non-deductible mortgage or loan. Be advised that the Cash Dam as described above will only work for those who own a non-incorporated personal or partnership-based small business or a rental property.

Example:

 If you own a small non-incorporated business that has $2,000 in expenses each month and you also have a readvanceable mortgage, then the $2,000 per month expense would be paid by the home equity line of credit (HELOC). You then use the additional $2,000 you have in your business expense account to make a payment on your non-deductible mortgage. Interest paid on money that’s borrowed for business expenses is tax-deductible; by using the Cash Dam, you’ll be left with a tax-deductible business loan and a non-deductible mortgage that’s been quickly paid down.

One of the keys to the Cash Dam, however, is capitalizing the interest on the business line of credit. That way, you avoid using any of your own cash flow and you keep the business line of credit tax-deductible.

How does the Cash Dam differ from the Smith Manoeuvre?

The Cash Dam relies on using a tax-deductible business loan to allow you to pay down a non-deductible debt, while the Smith Manoeuvre allows you to buy investments. Investing from your credit line is why the Smith Manoeuvre has much higher risk and return than the Cash Dam.

Potential applications

 Say that you’re a rental investor, instead of using your own cash flow to pay for rental-related expenses, you can use the Cash Dam and a line of credit. In this instance, using the Cash Dam would help you pay for your personal mortgage and help you satisfy your tax obligations as well.

And if you are a small business owner, the Cash Dam can be extremely advantageous. The strategy gives you a way to quickly pay down your non-deductible mortgage and convert that debt into a tax-deductible business loan.

Refinancing may still be an option

To no one’s surprise The Bank of Canada has left its key interest rate unchanged at 0.5%. After reading the latest Monetary Report, it doesn’t sound like it will raise its policy rate any time soon. Inflation is flat, as is wage and export growth, and there is still uncertainty in the US and globally.

Despite record low interest rates, some new home buyers are finding it challenging to qualify for a mortgage due to a new round of rule changes announced late last year. These changes have also affected existing mortgage holders who may want to refinance to get a lower rate.

While low interest rates and robust regional housing, markets continue to be the norm, Canadians are still burdened with record-high debt loads. The ratio of debt to disposable income rose to 167.3% by the end of 2016. That means Canadians owe $1.67 for every dollar of disposable income, up from $1.66 the year prior.

If you’re sitting with equity in your home yet can’t seem to manage your debt payments, refinancing could still be an option. With credit card interest rates often pushing the 20% range and unsecured lines of credit in the 7% and higher range paying off high-interest debts can make sense.

Let’s review a refinance. Specifically, you are increasing the amount of your mortgage to pay off debt. Your actual mortgage payment may or may not increase, depending on a number of factors, and you may incur a penalty to break your existing mortgage if you are refinancing midterm, but your overall monthly payments should decrease. You could be paying off the refinanced debt at a much lower interest rate, which could save you thousands of dollars in interest in the long run.

Here are some reasons to consider a refinance:

Decrease your overall monthly debt payments by using your equity to pay off those high-interest credit cards or unsecured loans, which can help you better manage your budget.
You can refinance to purchase another property. Using the existing equity in your home can be a great way to buy a rental property which, if done right, can also make the interest you pay tax deductible.
You could also take out some of the equity for investment purposes.
Or you may want to refinance to renovate.

As you can see there are many factors to consider before deciding to refinance. Each individual’s financial situation is different. Call me and we can discuss the options available to you.

Guy Ward is a Mortgage Broker in Calgary, Alberta with TMG (The Mortgage Group Alberta) and can be contacted at www.guythemortgageguy.com

What’s going on with my appraisals

Changes in mortgage rules for home buyers and insurers certainly have had an impact on the housing market, and those changes have impacted property appraisals as well. Conventional mortgages – up to 80% of the value of the property – historically, were required to have a full appraisal. Now, in many areas of the country, an appraisal may also be required on insured mortgages — 80 to 95% loan-to value.

The decision to approve a conventional mortgage, after all other lending criteria have been satisfied, is made on a property’s fair market value. This is defined as the market value of an interest in land at the highest price reasonably expected, when sold by a willing seller to a willing buyer, after an adequate amount of time and exposure to the market.

So who determines the value of that property? One could argue that the market itself determines the value, which is true, but from a lender’s perspective that number must come from an independent third-party – the appraiser. An appraiser, who is specifically trained and has sufficient experience, will be asked to offer an impartial, written opinion of the property’s value.

Realtors normally use a comparative market analysis (CMA) to evaluate a property’s value based on local market data. Agents analyze listing and sales data for comparable properties in the area to recommend a price to list or to offer. However a CMA is not an appraisal. Although appraisers use the CMA approach, they use it in combination with other factors to determine the value of a property.

The major difference is that appraisals are done for a specific client — the lender. Because real estate is the major security for mortgages, the market value estimate needs to be as accurate as possible. Appraisers use ‘sold’ properties information only and compare similar property types, in close proximity, that have sold within a relatively short period of time – usually 90 days.

Not all residential properties are subject to a traditional appraisal. If the property is in an established area with similar properties then sometimes the price can be validated electronically. This model of appraising property, called automated valuation model (AVM), has become quite popular in the last 10 years.

However, given the nature of the housing market these days, mortgage lenders have moved away, in many areas, from AVMs for conventional mortgages, and for some high-ratio mortgages as well, and are asking for live, full on-site appraisals.

At the end of the day, an appraisal must reflect a property’s realistic true market value and needs to be backed up with accurate data.

So why does an appraisal come in lower than expected?

With the introduction of bidding wars, where, in some areas, prices may be artificially inflated, appraisers are still tasked with coming up with a property’s fair market value. Rapidly changing markets can be very challenging for an appraiser to properly evaluate a home’s worth.

Appraisers will try to get to the purchase price when evaluating a property. However, sometimes the sale is a few weeks ahead of the market. If prices are increasing, it may not show up in their analysis yet and the appraisal will reflect a lower value.

At the end of the day, the appraisal has to be a realistic evaluation of a property’s true market value and be backed up with data.

Guy Ward is a Mortgage Broker in Calgary, Alberta with TMG (The Mortgage Group Alberta) and can be contacted at www.guythemortgageguy.com

Debt and debt settlement services

The debt-to-income ratio has hit the headlines again. This time the ratio rose to 167.3 % in the fourth quarter of 2016 compared to 166.8% in the third quarter. That means for every dollar of disposable income, consumers owe $1.67. Approximately 63% of that debt is in mortgages.

While this increase worries some policy-makers, studies have shown that consumers have been able to pay their debt relatively easily. Low interest rates have allowed consumers to pay down more of their mortgage principal, with payments split almost evenly between interest and principal in the fourth quarter.

But for some, the debt load is unmanageable and they search for solutions. You are no doubt familiar with advertisements from debt settlement services that promise to settle a consumer’s outstanding debt, for a fee. The caveat is buyer beware. If you’re considering this option, make sure to do your research and find a reputable company to work with. Or, I may be able to refer you.

Before you pay upfront fees or service charges, I may be able to help. Much of what debt settlement services offer can overlap with the services of a licensed mortgage broker.

Here’s how it works. Mortgage brokers can arrange debt consolidation on a mortgage renewal or on a refinance. When arranging a consolidation mortgage loan on a refinance or renewal the amount of the mortgage principal may be increased to pay out the total debt amount. This becomes part of the mortgage commitment and a condition of the mortgage loan. On closing, your lawyer will disburse the funds to your creditors and register the new mortgage.

What you need to know
A refinance alters the terms and conditions of your mortgage; specifically you are increasing the amount of your mortgage to pay off debt. Your mortgage payment may or may not increase, depending on a number of factors, and you may incur a penalty to break your existing mortgage if you are refinancing midterm. Depending on your current mortgage you could be paying off the refinanced debt at a much lower interest rate, which could save you thousands of dollars in interest in the long run.

As with all renewals, it’s always a good idea to review your mortgage with a mortgage broker who can shop the rates for you and get you the best deal, tailored to your particular situation. And, if you decide to switch lenders, there are no penalties at renewal time.

One of these options may be the perfect solution if you’re struggling with debt. Call me today for more information.

Guy Ward is a Mortgage Broker in Calgary, Alberta with TMG (The Mortgage Group Alberta) and can be contacted at www.guythemortgageguy.com

The Four Types of Creditor Insurance

Home is more than a place you live. It’s your family’s haven from the world. But what if something happened to you? What would happen to the home you’ve invested so much in? You wouldn’t think about owning a home without insuring it, yet the odds of your house burning down is more remote compared to the odds of experiencing a life-changing event such as a job lay-off or a disabling accident.

Mortgage payments don’t stop when you’re unable to work so many home owners opt-in for mortgage creditor insurance. This type of mortgage protection insurance preserves ownership of your family’s home by making sure the mortgage keeps getting paid – even during the most difficult times.

Here are four types of mortgage insurance available:

Life Coverage: Mortgage life insurance provides security to both you and your insured co-borrower. If your co-borrower does not qualify for life insurance, you can still apply. Also known as mortgage insurance or creditor insurance, it’s offered by lending institutions and us. It is a life insurance policy that pays the balance of your mortgage to the lending institution if an insured person listed on the mortgage passes away.

Disability Coverage: This insurance is designed to pay a portion or all a homeowner’s mortgage payment if they become disabled — up to 24 months per occurrence. Individuals who opt to take advantage of this type of insurance need to take care to understand the policy completely. Determine the length of time the policy will pay mortgage payments during an episode of short-term or long-term disability. What dollar amount of the mortgage does the policy pay? Is there a waiting period associated with payment from the policy?

Critical Illness Coverage: What if it happens to you? When you survive a critical illness, you may not be able to return to work and your expenses could increase dramatically. If you are diagnosed with one of the 15 covered critical illnesses, based on our service provider’s criteria, which includes certain types of cancer, your mortgage payments are covered for 24 months, whether you return to work or not. Key questions to ask: What critical Illnesses are covered? What happens if I have an acute heart attack, recover in a few weeks or months, and return to work? Does my disability insurance cover me for living benefits? What cancers are covered? Do I need to take a medical examination? Mortgage Critical Illness Insurance is a benefit you enjoy while you are alive. It builds on your Mortgage Life Insurance to complete your protection.

Accidental Job Loss Coverage: If you are injured or are unable to work or become involuntarily unemployed, your monthly mortgage payments will be covered up to six months per occurrence.

If you don’t have any of these coverages now on your mortgage, we may be able to add them on.

Call me for more information.

Guy Ward is a Mortgage Broker in Calgary, Alberta with TMG (The Mortgage Group Alberta) and can be contacted at www.guythemortgageguy.com

Alternative lenders go mainstream

For some, getting a mortgage from a bank has become a bit more challenging – even if your credit score is good If you don’t qualify using the benchmark rate, regardless ofwhat mortgage rate and term you opt for – this has been called the” stresstest” — then you may be out of luck. With the introduction of new mortgagerules last year, the Government tightened mortgage lending guidelines inresponse to concerns that some markets in Canada are overheated and thatCanadian debt levels continue to increase.

The new mortgage rules have also had an impact on those who want to refinance their mortgage loan. And at renewal time, if you want to increase your existing loan, change your amortization or shop for a better rate, the rules may have an impact as well.

Despite the challenges, there are solutions. A bank is not the only option for a mortgage. The new mortgage rules have created an opportunity for a variety of specialized lenders to enter the market who are flexible and open to reviewing a variety of situations and has led to a growing pool of mortgage funds.

In a nutshell – they’ve gone mainstream
These lenders are not limited to private individuals with money to lend, either individually or as part of an investment pool. Mortgage brokers still have access to those funds; however, the market is also seeing an increase in the number of Mortgage Investment Corporations (MICs) as well as smaller lenders with products to fill the gap.

Many alternative lenders put more weight on the equity in a property, rather than on the work you do or on the credit challenges you may have.

Smaller institutional lenders in some regions across Canada, like credit unions, however, may offer specialized lending with affordable interest rates, reasonable lending fees and flexible underwriting.

A few benefits of specialized lending:

Quick closings: The key to a quick close is having your financing set up quickly — specialized lending can make that happen.
Terms of the loan: These loans are for short periods of time, usually no more than two or three years.
Great for investors: Because specialized lenders have flexibility, they will look at those fixer-upper rental properties with a keen eye and may fund both the purchase and the home improvements.
Diverse repayment options: This is especially helpful for entrepreneurs. Payments can be structured more creatively and may include interest-only payments and balloon payments at the end of the term or on closing of a sale.
Construction financing: Bank construction financing can be riddled with red tape. Private lending may get the borrower more money, and quicker access to construction draws, which in the end, could save time and money when building a home.

For more information and to find a lender who will meet your needs, call me today!

Guy Ward is a Mortgage Broker in Calgary, Alberta with TMG (The Mortgage Group Alberta) and can be contacted at www.guythemortgageguy.com

Looking forward to 2017!

This past year we saw many challenges in the housing sector. There were the recent changes to the mortgage rules that included a “stress test” for all insured mortgages. This means that all insured mortgages must be qualified at the benchmark rate, which is currently 4.64%. This may affect home buyers with less than 20% down payment who are looking for a fixed rate mortgage.

We saw housing prices increase in some areas of the country while in other areas we saw a slowdown of housing activity, and yet other parts of the country are still feeling the effects of falling oil prices. We’ve also seen the fixed-rate on mortgages start to climb due to the upward pressure on bond yields and increases to the cost of funds.

The Canadian dollar is trading at approximately 74 cents to the US dollar (at the time of this writing) and there is concern about high consumer debt. The market is still jittery about the policies of the incoming US president. Yet Canadians are resilient. Despite gloomy predictions, despite increasing debt loads, despite all the changes we have endured, we continue to look on the bright side and consumer confidence is high.

While the housing market did slow somewhat in many parts of the country, there are signs of life. While there are still some issues surrounding affordability for first time home buyers, the market appears to be self-correcting, as many economists predicted it would.

The Canadian Real Estate Association’s prediction for 2017 is a mixed bag with sales easing slightly in some provinces and rising in others. The national average home price is expected to decline in 2017, easing affordability for first time home buyers. It seems the market is balancing itself with an increasing supply of listings to meet demand in some markets.

If you’re thinking of buying a new home, let’s do our own stress test. Too often, consumers focus on the total mortgage amount they qualify for instead of looking at their desired lifestyle and retirement goals. If you’re in the process of arranging a new mortgage, renewing a mortgage or refinancing an existing mortgage, then let’s stress test it.

Since we’re starting a new year, it’s also a good time to discuss any financial changes to your household and if and how that will affect your mortgage. Together, we will review your financial situation and tailor a solution that works for you. Call me today.

Wishing you health, happiness and prosperity in 2017.

Guy Ward is a Mortgage Broker in Calgary, Alberta with TMG (The Mortgage Group Alberta) and can be contacted at www.guythemortgageguy.com

Thinking of buying a vacation property?

When the weather in Canada turns cold and winter sets in, a lot of us think about a blue sky vacation, others think about buying a vacation property in the U.S. sunbelt or even in British Columbia where the weather is milder. Still others enjoy winter and look for a winter vacation property here or in the US.  While the allure of long beach walks, and the idea of hitting the ski hills just outside your chalet is attractive, the question is how to finance the dream. First do your research.

There are other considerations if buying in the U.S.

  • Your purchase could be subject to estate tax. That means, when you die, your heirs will not only have to shell out U.S. estate tax on the fair market value of that home, they would also be hit with Canadian income taxes.
  • Also, if you plan to rent out that property, then you’re subject to a whole host of issues.
  • Use a Realtor who is experienced with US property sales.

If the vacation property is in Canada, you still can refinance your existing home and purchase the property outright if you have the equity or you can use what you have as a down payment. The basic process of applying for and qualifying for a mortgage is the same as for your principle residence; however, lenders will look at many more variables when assessing a property.

Your strength as a borrower is important but equally as important is the property. Lenders will look at the location, its proximity to a major market, year-round access to the property, paved roads, etc.  Most lenders require at least 20% down. The rules changed in 2014 and they have just changed again. But don’t let that deter you if your dream is a vacation home.

Guy Ward is a Mortgage Broker in Calgary, Alberta with TMG (The Mortgage Group Alberta) and can be contacted at WWW.GUYTHEMORTGAGEGUY.COM

What the new mortgage changes may mean to you…

What the new mortgage changes may mean to you

Ottawa has announced new rules in response to concerns that some markets in Canada are overheated and that Canadian debt levels continue to increase. These changes are meant to alleviate risk in Canada’s housing market.

Here are the changes in a nutshell:

  • “A Mortgage Rate Stress Test” for all insured mortgages. This means that all insured mortgages will now be qualified at the Bank of Canada benchmark rate, currently at 4.64%, instead of the contract rate offered on their commitment.  For example, if you have a commitment for 2.49% on a five-year fixed rate, then you would have to qualify at the benchmark rate of 4.64%, rather than the commitment rate.  That does not mean your payments would increase to the higher amount, just that you would need to be able to afford the payments as if they were at that higher amount. This change is scheduled to come into effect on October 17, 2016.
  • “Safer Lending”. This means that mortgages insured through portfolio or bulk insurance must now meet the same criteria as those that are high ratio insured.  This change is scheduled to come into effect on November 30, 2016.
  • Closing “loopholes” on taxes. This refers to capital gains exemptions on principal residences that should apply only to residents of Canada.

The broader implications

We don’t know yet how this may affect the number of people who will no longer qualify, whether first time home buyers, those moving up or those who wish to refinance.  From what we know so far, those who already have mortgage insurance policies in place should continue to be qualified at the contract rate going forward and should have no problem at renewal.

Guy Ward is a Mortgage Broker in Calgary, Alberta with TMG (The Mortgage Group Alberta) and can be contacted at WWW.GUYTHEMORTGAGEGUY.COM

Department of Finance Housing Changes

Ottawa has announced new rules in response to concerns that some markets in Canada are overheated and that Canadian debt levels continue to increase. These changes are meant to alleviate risk in Canada’s housing market but may have a significant impact on the housing market, especially first time home buyers.

Here are the highlights:

Effective October 17th, all mortgages that require mortgage default insurance, which are typically those with less that 20% down payment, will now require borrowers prove they can qualify based on a higher mortgage rate set by the Bank of Canada called the “benchmark rate”. This measure was previously in place for mortgages with terms less than 5 years or variable rate mortgages, but will now apply to all mortgages, including 5-year fixed rate mortgages.
Effective October 3rd, a tax loophole that allowed non-residents to buy homes in Canada will be eliminated, and then get a tax exemption to avoid paying capital gains when they sell that home by claiming it as a principal residence. This increased scrutiny will ensure that the capital gain exemption is not abused, specifically by preventing non-residents from becoming residents then buying and selling a property in the same year.
The Government will continuously monitor the housing market to ensure that Canada’s housing finance system is healthy, competitive and stable by ensuring the market is balanced and appropriately reflects all parties’ abilities to share in the management of housing risks.

We are reviewing these changes for its deeper implications and will keep you informed. If you think that you may be impacted by these recent changes, please let me know so I can confirm that for you.

Guy Ward is a Mortgage Broker in Calgary, Alberta with TMG (The Mortgage Group Alberta) and can be contacted at WWW.GUYTHEMORTGAGEGUY.COM